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Updates from Argentina
Wednesday, 4 January 2017
Alquilo Casa en Valeria del Mar
Topic: Real Estate Argentina
Alquilo Casa Valeria del Mar
Descripción Alquilo Casa Valeria del Mar Costa Atlántica Argentina Superficie total: 1600 m² Superficie cubierta: 150 m² Dormitorios: 3 Ambientes: 5 Baños: 2 Tipo de casa: Chalet Huéspedes: 8 Camas: 7 Estadía mínima (noches): 15 Pisos: 2 Ambientes Dormitorio en suite Jardín Comodidades y amenities Parrilla Vajilla TV Lavarropa Microondas Heladera Caracterí­sticas adicionales Placards TV por cable Condiciones especiales Apto para familias con niños Valeria Del Mar Bosque Casa En Alquiler A 8 cuadras del Mar, ............. Chalet en 2 plantas, 150 mts 2, PB, Living, Cocina comedor, hall de distribucion, un baño completo, un dormitorio con placard y 3 camas para 3 personas, sala con TV Cable, Video, Música, y lo mas IMPORTANTE con Wifi, la casa tambien tiene Alarma y esta conectado con el Centro de Alarmas, IASSA de Pinamar ....... escalera al primer piso, hall de circulación, dormitorio principal con cama matrimonial, baño en suite, balcón al frente, otro Dormitorio con 3 camas,............. Totalmente amueblado, con gusto y moderno ..... solo hay que llevar toallas y sabanas, ........ un deck de 160 mts2 con parrilla y hogar, ..... semi techado parte del deck, mesa, sillas hasta reposeras, .... sobre 3 terrenos que dan un total de 1600 mts2 de Bosque viejo de Valeria del Mar Forma de Contratar Alquiler, 50% Reserva, Deposito USD $300 o equivalente en PESOS, todo por Transferencia Electronico BANCO FRANCÉS, contra Firma Contrato Saldo, Sin gastos, al final de Contrato se devuelve Deposito en la misma Forma, envian datos ............ Tu consulta esta BIENVENIDO, Felices Vacaciones 2017
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Alquilo Casa Valeria del Mar
Alquilo Casa Valeria del Mar 

Posted by bob frassinetti at 9:16 PM
Friday, 22 October 2010
Buy Land in Argentina
Topic: Real Estate Argentina

Prime farmland in Argentina costs almost as much as in United States

Prices for the best farmland in Argentina’s breadbasket, the humid Pampa have risen on average 10% this year according to registered operations reports. This means the hectare of prime agriculture land in Argentina now costs almost the same as the average price of farmland in the state of Illinois, 14.000 US dollars.


“Prices are very strong, it’s a bull market. Farmland for agriculture which is the most demanded average 14.000 US dollars the hectare in the corn hard core region, while land in the periphery of that core are in the range of 8.000 to 10.000 US dollars the hectare”, said Luis Clucellas from Bullrich Campos, one of the main companies in the business.

“Currently a hectare of some of the best farmland ranges 13.000 to 14.000 US dollars but can also reach 15.000 US dollars, which is the average price for farmland in the state of Illinois at the heart of the corn belt”, added Clucellas.

Overall the companies involved in selling Argentine farmland agree that demand remains higher than supply, but also point out to the fact that there has been a slight increase in land for sale.

Furthermore the market has yet to recover the enthusiasm and sales peak previous to the 2008 drought and the farmers’ conflict with the Argentine government over export taxes on grains and oilseeds.

Nevertheless there is a growing interest from buyers, a greater number of requests to visit potential acquisitions and the best farmland is specifically targeted.

“This has had an influence on the price of farmland, together with the recovery of grain and oilseed prices plus prospects that land remains a good investment option, given the anticipated increasing demand for food world-wide in coming years. In this context the market is more active than at the beginning of the year”, said Mariano Maurete from Alzaga Unzué and Co.

“We see a more active atmosphere, although I wouldn’t say prices have risen, but rather that they are as high as they were back in 2008; if any increase it was not above 10%”, he added.

Eduardo FitzGerald from Compañía Argentina de Tierras said the market is more active and if buyers find good quality farmland they are ready to pay, “although maybe not as much as the owner would like”.

Good farmland prices have risen 10% to 15% compared to 2009, but other lesser quality camps, half agriculture, half livestock, “owners are more prepared to talk and negotiate”. Demand is not desperate, however when it’s good farmland, “there is an interest” said Fitz Gerald.

For Marcos Lanusse an advisor in camp transactions “overall the market remains strong and stable regarding prices, with a slight increase in very specific cases such as land not further than 100 kilometres from Buenos Aires City or marginal farmland with good development potential”.

Lanusse said that when there have been price increases “they have not gone further than 10% to 15% compared to last year. Market seems to have grown in volume and number of deals, but the fact is there is not much prime farmland for sale, and there are investors on the lookout considering options”.

But, who is buying land in Argentina? According to Lanusse most are locals, and when foreigners, in very specific cases.

On the other hand farm policies implemented by the Argentina government have meant that many investment funds which originally considered Argentina as an option, “have finally decided to move to Uruguay and Brazil and in second place to Bolivia and Paraguay”.

Posted by bob frassinetti at 1:12 PM
Monday, 2 November 2009
Water ideas for Villa de Tulumba
Topic: Real Estate Argentina
Response of lake Mar Chiquita in Argentina to climate change: data analysis and application of a lake model  Magali Troin1, Christine Vallet-Coulomb1, Florence Sylvestre1, Eduardo Piovano2  (1) CEREGE UMR6635, CNRS/IRD/UPCAM, Europôle méditerranéen de l’Arbois BP 80 13545 Aix-en-Provence cedex 4 (2) Centro de Investigaciones Geoquímicas y de Procesos de Superficie (CIGeS), Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Av. Velez Sarsfield 1611, X5016GCA – Córdoba, Argentina.  Abstract Lake Mar Chiquita (30°54’S-62°51’W), a closed, shallow, hypersaline-lake in Central Argentina (30°S, 62°W) has recorded hydrological changes for the 20th century in Southern South America (SESA) by sharp variations in its water-level. The lake, located at the lowermost end of an endorheic basin, has a large catchment area (37,570 km2) situated in the western part of the Parana-La Plata basin. It is also a part of the Chaco-Pampean plain, an zone of forests and grasslands that has been extensively cleared for agricultural activities since the end of the nineteenth century. During the hydrological changes that occurred during the 70’s in SESA, the lake has undergone a significant water-level rise. Historical and instrumental data, combined with sediment core studies (sedimentological, isotopic, and diatom analysis) showed that Mar Chiquita is an ideal site for recording  high- and low-frequency changes in hydrological budget. Therefore, this lake can be considered as a regional and temporal integrator of its catchment water balance. A detailed hydrological study was initiated through a modelling approach in order to determine lake level variations in response to climate changes. In this paper, we present preliminary results, based on hydroclimatic records (precipitation and river discharge data) covering the last quarter century.. The lake water balance model is used to determine the lake hydrological behaviour and to quantify its water balance. From available hydroclimatic data, an important overestimation of the simulated lake level was evidenced. We discuss the possible processes involved in this discrepancy.                 Key words: Argentina, climate change, saline lake, water balance 1. Introduction In SESA (Southern South America), important hydrological variations have been observed during the last century (Georgi, 2002). Dry intervals characterized the first 75 years of the 20th century while a significant increase in precipitation has occured after 1970s. The Lake Mar Chiquita, a closed, shallow, hypersaline-lake in Central Argentina (30°S, 62°W, Fig. 1), responds to these climatic fluctuations through lake level and salinity variations. For example, during the 1923-73 period, the lake has tended to dry out which has induced a dramatic salinity increase. But since 1973-74, the situation was reversed. Now, the lake lies at its maximum extension, being not only the largest saline lake in South America (≈ 6000km²) but also one of the world’s largest saline lake.The high sensitivity of Lake Mar Chiquita to climatic fluctuations is illustrated by various authors (Reati, G.J. et al., 1997, Martinez D.E. 1995, Pasquini A. et al., 2006), and makes it a very attractive site to study the hydrological response to climate change (Piovano et al., 2002, 2004a, 2004b). A detailed hydrological study of the lake-catchment system has been initiated in order to analyse the response of lake level and salinity to climate changes through a modelling approach. The objectives of this work are (1) to provide a quantified climatic interpretation of lake variations reconstructed for the last centuries and (2) to help understanding the magnitude and mechanisms of the past changes. In this paper, we present the preliminary results of this study, based on hydroclimatic records from the last quarter century. These data are from different stations and localized in the catchment area of Lake Mar Chiquita. A lake water balance model is used to simulate the lake level in response to precipitation and river discharge data over the 1975-1995 period. In this study, the modelling approach is used to help understanding the lake water balance and hydrological behaviour.     2. Site and climate description The lake Mar Chiquita (30°54’S-62°51’W) is located at the lowermost end of an endorheic basin. It has a large catchment area located in the west of the Parana-La Plata basin covering 37,570 km2 from 26°S to 32°S and 62° to 66°W (Fig. 1). It is part of the Chaco-Pampean plain, an extensive area of forests and grassland that has been extensively modified by deforestation for agricultural activities since the end of the nineteenth century. Approximately 200 km north-west of Mar Chiquita lie the Salinas de Ambargasta, an extensive area of salt pans.  Figure 1: Map of the study area showing the location of rainfall (filled red circles) and discharge gauging (filled blue rectangles) stations. The names of the stations (indicated by numbers) are listed in Table 1  In the Mar Chiquita catchment, summers are hot and wet, whereas winters are cold and dry. Humid winds derive from the anticyclone of the South Atlantic Ocean and precipitation decreases from east to west. Dominant winds blow from the south-west and north-east. Average annual temperature is 18-19°C.The monthly average temperature is maintained above 20°C over 5 months (November to March), with a maximum value of 25°C during January). This warm season also corresponds to the highest monthly rainfall: monthly average exceeds 100 mm and totals 600 mm for these 5 months (66-75% of the annual total) (Capitanelli, 1979). This terminal lake is fed by three major rivers (Fig. 1). The rivers drain part of the Gran Chaco (Río Dulce basin to the North) and Sierras Pampeanas regions (Ríos Primero and Segundo basins to the South). The Río Dulce alone has an average annual discharge of 3000 106 m3; whereas Ríos Primero and Segundo have a combined annual discharge of 725 106 m3. The rivers partially infiltrate the soil and recharge groundwater before reaching the lake basin. However, the importance of groundwater inputs to Mar Chiquita has never be clearly estimated (Martinez, 1995). The system has no surficial outlet and water is loss through evaporation only, which is additionally favoured by the pan-like shape of the lake. Limnological studies in this area began as early as the end of the nineteenth century, which is relatively unusual in this area of South America. Historical and instrumental data show that the lake surface was reduced to ~1,000 km2 during dry periods whereas it covered an area of up to 6,000 km2 during intervals with a positive hydrological balance. During highstands, maximum length and width may reach 120 km and 80 km, respectively, while the maximum water depth is ~10 m. At present, the lake is at its maximum extension making it not only the largest saline lake in South America but also one of the largest in the world. The recent (1968-2001) instrumental record of lake levels from Mar Chiquita shows a clear increase since 1973 (Fig. 2). This increase is associated with important extension of the lake surface (Fig. 3) and has had disastrous effects on the lakeside town of Miramar, which lost a significant portion of its urbanized area due to permanent flooding. During the 1977-1985 period the number of inhabitants in Miramar, the only village settled on the lake side, fell from 6000 to 1600. Although the hydrological change started in 1973, it was only after 1977 that the lake extension went beyond the historical record producing drastic consequences on the tourism-based local economy.  Figure 2. Available water level records for Lake Mar Chiquita  Figure 3: Satellite images of the lake surface variations encountered since the 1970’s in association with lake level variations.  
3. Analysis of available hydrometeorological data 3.1. Data Monthly total rainfall and monthly mean river discharge records used in this study were obtained from different sources. Table 1 lists rainfall and gauging stations, and includes information on locations and length of the records. Argentina’s Subsecretaría de Recursos Hídricos (http://www.obraspublicas.gov.ar/) supplied all rivers discharge records. The Dirrección Provincial de Agua y Saneamiento (DIPAS) in Argentina’s Córdoba Province and the Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (http://www.inta.gov.ar/) supplied most of the rainfall data. The annual rainfall from our 6 stations varies from 546 mm/year to 926 mm/year (Table 1). Important seasonal variations are observed in precipitation and river discharge (Fig. 4), the highest precipitation rates occur in December-January, while the maximum river discharge occurs in February-March.   
 StationCatchment locationVariableRecord periodLatitude (S)Longitude (W)Catchment area (km²)Annual valueMissing data (%)
RIDique San Roque SouthDischarge (Rio Primero)1926-199827°39'64°21'1350126 m3/s(242 mm)21
RIISanta Ana SouthDischarge (Rio Segundo)1926-200431°40'64°34'465 77 m3/s(428 mm)0.5
RIIILos Quiroga NorthDischarge (Rio Dulce)1975-199727°39'64°21'20200 1339 m3/s(172 mm)0
1Manfredi SouthRainfall1931-200731°49'63°46' 757mm0
2Quebrada SouthRainfall1974-200331°11’64°20’ 926mm0
3Villa Ojo de Agua NorthRainfall1948-199529°30'63°41' 628mm33
4Pinto NorthRainfall1948-199631°22'64°27' 715mm2
5Villa Union NorthRainfall1974-199629°25’62°47’ 692mm0
6Sumampa NorthRainfall1948-199529°23’63°28’ 546mm5
 Table 1: Name, location and record periods of available precipitation and river discharge data  Fig 4: Monthly data of precipitation (average from stations 1 to 6) and River discharge of Rio Primero (RI) Rio Segundo (RII) and Rio Dulce (RIII) (specific discharge in mm/month).  
3.2. Trends analysis The cumulative sum technique is a valuable tool to detect intermediate-terms changes in the mean value of a sequence of regularly spaced observations (Crapper et al., 1996). We use cumulative anomalies si of a variable xi as defined by:                                                                                            Eq. (1) Applied to time series analysis, si provides a normalised distribution and reveals runs of observations greater than the longterm average with a positive slope and those lower than the long-term average with a negative slope. Note that in such a graph, the slope is informative but not the absolute ordinate values. Calculation of cumulative anomalies needs a complete time series. Our longest precipitation time series (Manfredi station) illustrates the main trends over the period 1931-2007 (Fig. 5). The humid periods (positives slopes, underlined in grey) appears more frequent during the second half of the time series (after 1976), while drought periods are particularly important between 1941 and 1956, and between 1962 and 1973. In this preliminary study, we focus on the 1975-1995 period, when the whole set of data is complete. The globally positive slope observed for this period in Fig. 5 suggests particularly humid conditions.   Figure 5: Cumulative rainfall anomalies of station 1 (Manfredi Station) over the 1931-2007 period. The grey areas represent the humid periods (increasing slope). The arrow indicates the period for which the lake model is applied.  4. Lake water balance model  4.1. Basic equations and method The dynamic lake water balance equation is given by:                                                                              Eq. (2) Where, for the time step ∆t (one month in this study), ∆V is the lake volume variation; A is the lake area (m²), as a function of lake volume V; P is the precipitation (m) above the lake; E the evaporation (m) from the lake surface; Qi, Gi the surface and groundwater inputs (m3) respectively. There are no outputs from Lake Mar Chiquita except evaporation. The corresponding lake level is then estimated as a lake volume function: h = f(V), following the morphometric relationship (Fig. 6) established from the lake bathymetry (Hillman 2003). Note that strong variations of the lake surface are associated with the lake level changes, because of the pan-like shape of Lake Mar Chiquita. The lake water balance models were developed under Matlab (The Mathworks) programming environment.  Figure 6: Relationships between altitude of water level, area and volume (from Hillman 2003)  Qi corresponds to the sum of discharge of the three main rivers: Rio Primero (RI), Rio Segundo (RII) and Rio Dulce (RIII). The precipitation is estimated from the average between available rainfall stations around the lake (stations 1 to 6). Evaporation from the lake surface is calculated by the CRLE model (Morton, 1983b; DosReis and Dias, 1998). This approach is based on the postulate of a complementary relationship between actual and potential evapotranspiration. This model can be considered as a simplified application of the Bouchet’s theory (1963) for monthly estimates of lake evaporation. The advantage of using this model is that it only requires monthly data of air temperature, humidity and solar radiation. The model calculates an ‘equilibrum temperature’ by solving vapor transfer and energy balance equations simultaneously in conditions of potential evapotranspiration. This equilibrum temperature is then used in the Priestley-Taylor equation, (Morton, 1983b; DosReis and Dias, 1998). The explicit influence of wind speed in the term of Penman equation is replaced by an empirical coefficient, which does not require any site-specific calibration. The model has been applied previously for different lakes with an accuracy superior at 10% in the evaporation estimates (Morton, 1983b; DosReis and Dias, 1998; Vallet-Coulomb et al., 2001). The application of the CRLE model at Lake Mar Chiquita provides an annual evaporation rate of 1145 mm.  The lake model is firstly applied with available data of P, Q, and calculated data of evaporation. Then, an adjusment parameter γ is estimated with a “trial and error” process (Fig. 7), based on the comparison between measured (H) and simulated (h) values of lake level, following the Nash criteria r²:                 with            and                            Eq. (3)   Figure 7: Scheme of the lake model approach  4.2. Results and discussion The lake model is applied over the 1975-1995 period, for which our time series are complete. Applied with available hydroclimatic data, the model overestimates the lake level for most of the simulation period (Fig. 8) (Note that since the year 1982, the simulated lake level becomes higher than the measured values used for establishing the lake morphometry (Fig. 6), and the application of the spline function used for h = f(V) becomes irrelevant). In order to estimate the order of magnitude of the discrepancy, we introduce a constant value of γ. The optimisation process (trail and error) provides a value of γ = 1.25 108 m3/month with r² = 0.9143 (Fig. 9). Relative to the average lake water surface (≈ 6000 km²), this value corresponds to 250 mm/year.    Figure 8: Simulation results on the 1975-1995 period without adjustement parameter  


Figure 9:  Simulation results on the 1975-1995 period with the constant parameter γ = 1.25 108 m3/mois (r² = 0.9143) Despite the high value of r², we can observe that the model overestimates the lake level for some periods (e.g. 1988-1993), while during others periods (e.g. 1979-1983), the lake level is underestimated. It would be necessary to introduce a time variation of γ to improve the simulation. However, before going further, we have to discuss the possible origin of the lake water balance overestimation by 250 mm/year.  Uncertainty in the lake evaporation rate The accuracy of the lake level simulation greatly depends on the validity of evaporation estimates, since it is the only loss of water from the lake. However, a precise quantification of evaporation is difficult, especially when detailed climatic data above the lake surface is lacking. For comparison, potential evaporation calculated by the FAO Penman method, from three meteorological stations located in the northern Mar Chiquita catchment indicates about 1277 mm/year (Shipper 2005), which is 12% higher than the 1145 mm/year estimates from our CRLE approach. An 8% underestimation of evaporation from the CRLE model was observed in a detailed study from a Brazilian lake (DosReis and Dias, 1998). We could assume that the CRLE model would tend to underestimate the evaporation rate. However, the value of γ (250 mm/year) would correspond to a 22% underestimate. Thus, even if a better estimate of the lake evaporation rate would be necessary, we do not believe that it would resolve the actual discrepancy between simulated and measured lake levels. Moreover, we did not take into account the effect of the water salinity on the evaporation rate. During the studied period, the lake salinity has varied from 79 g/l in 1977 to 28 g/l in 1986 (Martinez, 1995). Because the evaporation rate is lower for saline water than for freshwater (Oroud, 1998), this would tend to reduce the calculated evaporation rate and to increase the lake level overestimation.  Uncertainty in river flow estimates; influence of the northern wetlands (Los Bañados)The river discharge stations are situed between 160 and 366 km from the lake shore (Fig. 1). A water loss in the catchment area located between the gauging stations and the lake shore could also explain the lake level overestimation. Infiltration of river water may be involved, but the phreatic aquifer lying in the lake area probably feed the lake and this process should not induce a water loss for the lake, except in case of important groundwater pumping. This point has to be checked, even if it seems that irrigation is not widespread in this cultivated area. Evaporation of surface water between the gauging stations and the lake is another process that could explain a water loss. This process may be important especially in the northern wetlands (Los Bañados) an area with a particular hydrological behaviour, located in the Dulce River delta (Fig. 10). Satellite images have shown that the flooded area in this zone is large and varies within an important range (Pagot 2003). Evaporation from these wetlands, which is not taken into account in our simulation, may thus affect the lake water balance. In order to introduce this influence in the lake model, we have to understand the factors which control the variation of flooded surfaces, and the hydraulic relations between the wetlands and the lake.  Uncertainty in the morphometric relationships. As a very flat lake, important variations of the water surface are associated to the lake level variations (Fig. 3). In particular, abrupt water invasion may occur in some parts of the lake shore during the lake level rising, influencing the S = f(h) function. The “Laguna del Plata”, a small lake (“satellite lake”) located southern to Lake Mar Chiquita (Fig. 10) provides an example of this phenomenon. During the beginning of the modelling period, the Laguna del Plata was a small lake overflowing towards Mar Chiquita through a small river channel. After the lake level rising, it has been completely connected to Lake Mar Chiquita, and is now completely included in the lake water body. Such phenomena should be taken into account in the morphometric relation used in the lake model.    Figure 10: Satellite image of Lake Mar Chiquita, showing the Northern wetlands (Los Bañados) and the small “satellite lake” Laguna del Plata  5. Conclusions In SESA, available precipitation records indicate that rainfall has increased significantly during the second half of the 20th century, particularly since the middle 1970’s (Piovano et al. 2002; 2004a, 2004b). These recent changes in precipitation regimes have greatly influenced the hydrological cycle (Barros, 2004), and the present-day positive hydrological balance has produced important social and economic consequences. Lake Mar Chiquita is a good recorder of climatic changes in its catchment. As for other closed saline lakes (e.g. Vallet-Coulomb et al. 2006), an hydrological modelling approach will allow a quantitative interpretation of the past hydrological changes reconstructed from lake sediments, and the assessment of the lake sensitivity to climate change. In order to estimate its water balance and to analyse the hydrological processes which control its fluctuations, we have applied a lake water balance model at a monthly time-step. We were not able to simulate the lake level from available hydro-climatic data. An adjustment coefficient was used, and showed that the lake water balance is overestimated by 250 mm/year. In addition to a possible error in the evaporation estimate, and to uncertainties in the morphometric relationships, we suggest that this may be attributed to a water loss in the catchment area located between the gauging stations and the lake shore. A possible mechanism involved in this water loss is the evaporation of surface water, especially in the northern wetlands. Further study is necessary to understand the factors which control the variations of flooded surfaces, and the hydraulic relations between the wetlands and the lake.    References Barros, V., 2004. Tendencias climaticas en la Argentina: precipitacion. Proyecto Agenda Ambiental regional Mejora de la Gobernabilidad para el Desarrollo Sustentable PNUD Arg./03/001. Fundacion torcuato di tella y secretaria de Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable. Capitanelli, R.G., 1979.Clima. In: Vásquez, J.B., Miatello, R.A., Roqué, M.E. (Eds), Geografia Física de Córdoba, vol. 3. Boldt, Córdoba, Argentina, pp. 45-138. Crapper P. F., Fleming P. M., Kalma J. D., 1996. Prediction of lake levels using water balance models.Environmental Software, 11(4), 251-258. DosReis, R. J.,  Dias, N. L., 1998. Multi-season lake evaporation: energy-budget estimates and CRLEmodel assessment with limited meteorological observations. Journal of. Hydrology., 208, 135-147. Genta, J., Perez-Iribarren, G., Mechosos, C. 1998. A recent increasing trend in streamflow of rivers in southeastern. South America. J. Climate 11, 2858–2862.  Giorgi, F., 2002. Variability and trends of sub-continental scale surface climate in the twentieth century. Part I:observations. Climate Dynamics 18, 675-691 Hillman, G., 2003. Analysis y simulacion hidrologica del sistema de Mar Chiquita. Thesis, Universitad el Córdoba, Argentin, 160. No  publieshed. Martinez, D.E., 1995. Changes in the ionic composition of a saline lake, Mar Chiquita, Province de Córdoba, Argentina. International Journal of Salt  Lake Research 4: 25-44. Morton, F.I., 1983b. Operational estimates of lake evaporation. Journal of Hydrology 66, 77-100. Oroud, I.M., 1998. The influence of heat conduction on evaporation from sunken pans in hot, dry environnement. Journal of Hydrology 210, 1-10. Pagot, M. R., 2003. Analysis y simulacion hidrologica del sistema Banados del Rio Dulce. Thesis. Universtad el Córdoba, Argentina, 192. No published. Pasquini, A.I., Lecomte, K.L., Piovanno, E.L., Depetris, P.J., 2006. Recent rainfall and runoff variability in central Argentina. Quaternary International, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2006.05.021. Piovano, E.L., Damatto Moreira, S., Ariztegui, D., 2002. Recent environmental changes in Laguna Mar Chiquita (central Argentina): a sedimentary model for a highlty variable saline lake. Sedimentology 49, 1371-1384. Piovano, E.L., Ariztegui, D.,Bernasconi, S.M., Mckenzie, J.A., 2004a. The isotopical record of hydrological changes in subtropical South America over the last 230 years. The holocene 14 (4), 525-535. Piovano, E.L., Larizatti, F.E., Favaro, D., Oliveira, S.M., Damatto, S.R., Mazzilli, B., Ariztegui, D., 2004b. Geochemical response of a closed-lake basin to 20th century recurring droughts/wet intervals in the subtropical Pampean plains of South America. Journal of Limnology 63 (1), 21-32. Reati, G.J., Florín, M., Fernández, G.J., Montes, C., 1997. The Laguna de Mar Chiquita (Córdoba, Argentina): a little know, secularly fluctuating, saline lake.International Journal of Salt Lake Research 5: 187-219. Shipper, P.A., 2005. Water resources of Rio Dulce in Santiago del Estero, determination of the actual evapotranspiration on a regional scale for a closed watershed in Argentina. University of Technology, Delft, 192. Vallet-Coulomb, C., Dagnachew, L., Gasse, F., Travi, Y., Chernet, T., 2001. Lake evaporation estimates in tropical Africa. Journal of Hydrology 245, 1-18.  Vallet-Coulomb C., Gasse F., Robison L., Ferry L., Van Campo E., Chalié F., 2006 Hydrological modeling of the tropical closed Lake Ihotry (SW Madagascar): sensitivity analysis and implications for paleohydrological reconstructions over the past 4000 years. Journal of Hydrology, 331, p. 257-271    

Posted by bob frassinetti at 4:10 PM
Sunday, 19 October 2008
Real Estate, Economic trends and Cyclic Crises here in Argentina
Topic: Real Estate Argentina
Real Estate, Economic trends and Cyclic Crises here in Argentina


Cyclic Crises here in Argentina.

El columnista invitadoCada seis años, el país tuvo una crisis

Por Roberto Cachanosky

lanacion.com | Economía | Domingo 19 de octubre de 2008
El sector inmobiliarioLos inmuebles, un refugio ante la crisis

Pese a los diversos momentos económicos de la Argentina, las propiedades han logrado recomponer siempre su cotización


Real Estate here in Argentina, a solid investment in troubled times. Real Estate Values here in Buenos Aires for the last 20 years, and during our up and down cycles and crisis ……

lanacion.com | Economía | Domingo 19 de octubre de 2008
Real estateSe espera una corrección de precios en el mercado

La crisis mundial obligará a un reajuste de las cotizaciones


Real Esatte Values Today, Real Estate Values here in Buenos Aires for the last 20 years, and during our up and down cycles and crisis ……

lanacion.com | Economía | Domingo 19 de octubre de 2008

So if you are in Need an apartment along Defensa Street in between San Telmo and Plaza de Mayo, the heart of Buenos Aires, Press Here. And so if you are interested in Art, Design or Antiques, and you are travelling to Buenos Aires, Argentina, or to Santiago, Chile or even Montevideo, Uruguay and need to buy and export these items or only need tips and travel information, please feel free to email us…….Please feel free to contact Bob Frassinetti with this email address: Email: Bob Frassinetti.

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Invest in Argentina Real Estate an up running opportunity with a future, a recommendation by Bob Frassinetti
Copyright 2007 Roberto Dario Frassinetti.  Phone me direct to my mobile phone: 00 54 911 6965 1955. Or when in B's A's: 15 6965 1955 . Or to my studio: 00 54 11 47 92 47 87 in Buenos Aires, Argentina


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Posted by bob frassinetti at 2:41 PM
Updated: Sunday, 19 October 2008 3:40 PM
Wednesday, 30 January 2008
Preparing for the next crisis in Real Estate in Argentina
Topic: Real Estate Argentina
Preparing for the next crisis in Real Estate in Argentina.  Are  we in a crisis or are we moving away and Buenos Aries is still a growing up trend market. If first you agree that Buenos Aires is an International Real Estate market then we are in and on line with the world, we have to take in consideration the ups and downs to other markets and how they will effect ours ……..  Let’s see a bit of the history on prices for the last view years, here in Buenos Aires and its neighbourhoods. See this statistic done by a reputable on line specialized magazine…….    




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Posted by bob frassinetti at 6:09 PM

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