Robot's from Argentina. During the last few decades, toy robots have regained popularity because of the new impulse given by collectible space items. The Buenos Aires Toy Museum holds a spectacular collection of robots made or found in Argentina, as well as a very interesting input of information on the subject. This huge task of collecting and searching information is the result of a very hard work carried on by our team of specialists. It may seem simple to define a robot, most of us would describe the first of those metallic invented creatures as one, though it's quite more complicated to come up with a general definition for robots, since there are quite a lot of variations and differences among them, which make much more complicated to come up with a general definition. The word Robot became popular in 1922 when the Czech writer Karel Capek used it in his play R.U.R to refer to a bunch of animated creatures -created by the leading man of the story- whose main task was to work. Etymologically the word meant slave or servant in Czech, but it was redefined because of this new meaning as a servant or salve that was specially created to work instead of its creator. As a general approach to the subject we can say that robots are machines or devices that move independently, they might be defined as a combined and mechanical system of computation and sensors that receive information through various means in order to act on it through pre-established technical or physical maneuvers. Nowadays there are many types of robots that adjust to this general definition. For example androids; these look alike humans, are what we usually refer to as robots. However there are much more robots than we acknowledge as such, take for example the mobiles, these machinery that has the ability to move from one place to another independently of an immediate indication from outside, are also robots in spite of the fact that they don' t have any esthetical similarity to humans. The medical ones are specially prosthesis control systems. And the industrial robots, very common in these days, are machinery specially designed to carry on pre-established tasks within the working places. In spite of all the esthetic and functional differences, all these robots share a common origin and mechanism. It's quite interesting to find scale reproductions of each and every one of these robots with which millions of children play and that many adults collect because of their cultural, historical and esthetic value. Regarding robots history, it was very common to hear during the fifties that by the next millenium there would be intelligent creatures created by man. This hasn't happened, nonetheless the amount of scientific progress in this field it's bringing much closer the possibility of that to happen. As it happens in every other aspect of life, toys have reflected the boom of robots. At first the design of these toys showed hard angled lines using clockwork mechanisms. Japanese wind-up tin robots from early 30s and 40s are the last expression of that esthetic trend in robot design. These toys were mostly made in tin, though it was during mid 50s and 60s when plastic became the newest material in toy manufacturing, and was also incorporated into the toy robot production and design. During was is commonly known as the Atomic Era and -may be- as a reflection of the competition between the US and the URSS those hard lines in the design of toy robots were left behind, now they used rounded edges and smoother lines, plus this toys had become battery operated. It was during the sixties when these androids appearance evolved into more human features, but paradoxically it was also then when the demand for these kind of toys dropped dramatically. Email: The Buenos Aires Toy Museum,Bob Frassinetti. The Buenos Aires Toy Museum,Argentina. Bob Frassinetti. Copyright 2005 and updated 2009. Roberto Dario Frassinetti.
Playmobil of Argentina, also made Robots
Recently Argentina’s interest in vintage, classic and antique toys has grown immensely. After over 10 years of working and researching the world of toys and games in our country, we acknowledge the fact that winds are changing and the society as a whole is paying much more attention to their history and that of their playful items. This can be seen in the consolidation of a number of toy oriented projects going on in the city of Buenos Aires, each unique and interesting within its own conception and objectives. Along with the Buenos Aires Toy Museum’s exhibit at the British Arts Center, we’ve been witnesses to another toy break thru in our city. Our friends of the Museo del Juguete Argentino of the Camara del juguete has opened their show at Costa Salguero center, Primera Fiesta Nacional del Juguete from July 22nd to August 2nd, specially organized for the Argentine winter school break. Daniela Pelegrinelli is the curator of the Museo and our friend, for a long time now. She has put together an exhibit of 400 toys, all made in Argentina and ranging from the Jeep Loco, Estanciero, El Cerebro Magico, El Constructor Infantil, a variety of tin tops, wooden bowling balls, paper-mach dolls, cars, construction games and sowing machines among others… The Camara del Juguete was the industrial chamber of the toy industry in Argentina and as such, all its members have contributed with donations to create an official set of made in Argentina toys. We’ve started our projects almost paralleled in time, with similar interests though different objectives. That’s what makes of both of our projects complementary and interesting to enjoy. While they began their work with the chamber of toy industry’s members to recover their products and acknowledge their evolution in our history, we began to address each and every product made in our country as culturally artistic objects that reflected not only our history but the way of life, the ideas and projects in the air when they were being produced. Our artistic approach to collectibles has provided us with an amazing insight to the world of toys were we can discover local and foreign influences in terms of design and history. On the other hand, the reconstruction work our friends have to carry on given the fact that there are no records available on the history of toys, provide us both with a common ground in which we can both share experiences and results, and therefore complement our projects and provide the world of collectors an achieved image of our toys and their history. One interesting coincidence in the evolution of these two complementary though different antique toy projects is that we’ve both found the need to build a special museum, to show our conception, our point of view, a place to which collectors can refer to and be welcomed. We, in our artistic approach to toys have created a show-room gallery concept in which toys and artwork provide the collector and toy lover with a modern and up beat atmosphere in which the toys of yore are presented in a special conceptual display along with precise historical information. Therefore the aesthetic side and the historical and cultural sides complement the final image production for the collector who wants more. The Museo de la Camara del Juguete and the Buenos Aires Toy Museum are two original and interesting projects that grew and developed in our town during the past decade for children and adults alike, for all those who treasure toys and childhood, as well as for the ones who come from the artistic world and enjoy its productions. Bob Frassinetti,